Help manage patient expectations.
A. Educate patients about the role of opioids as a short term therapy to help bridge the most acute pain:
• Consider using a patient agreement that includes the following elements whenever prescribing opioids:
o Discuss the risks and benefits of opioid treatment.
o Carefully outline the intended treatment plan.
o Establish clear expectations of treatment and improvement.
B. Engage patients in establishing reasonable goals and expectations around their care:
The National Center for Biotechnology Information developed a framework through which to discuss these important matters with patients entitled Shared Decision Making: A Model for Clinical Practice
Here are some additional communication resources that may be helpful: