Access to Care and Insurance Status
Texas, United States

Health Professional Shortage Areas

HRSA identifies areas where populations or facilities are experiencing a shortage of health care services. 

There are several types of shortage designations. For more information, visit HRSA's definition page.

Health Professional Shortage Areas have a shortage of primary, dental, or mental health care providers. The charts below and at right show shortages of dental care.

Health Insurance Coverage

Health insurance coverage is an important determinant of access to health care. Uninsured children and nonelderly adults are substantially less likely to have a usual source of health care or a recent health care visit than their insured counterparts. 

Hover over each map to see individual county data points.

The major source of coverage for persons under age 65 is private employer-sponsored group health insurance. Individual and family private health insurance coverage can also be purchased either directly or through the Health Insurance Marketplace or state-based exchanges. Public programs, such as Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program, provide coverage for many low-income children and adults.

To develop policies and programs that improve health insurance coverage, obtaining timely and accurate information on the number of persons who lack health insurance coverage and the number of persons with different types of coverage is important. (Source: CDC)


Dental Care Cost Barriers and Care Utilization in the United States

Texas Medicaid Enrollment

Most Texans who are enrolled in Medicaid receive coverage through the STAR managed care program. STAR covers low-income children, pregnant women and families. Dental benefits include regular dental exams and, if needed, fillings to address decay. Compared to U.S. dentists as a whole, Texas dentists are more likely to see Medicaid patients. And it's also good to know that Texas children enrolled in Medicaid are more likely to see a dentist regularly than kids in all other states. 


Health Care Workforce

General Dentists 

Many of the general dentists in Texas are near the Houston area. However, compared to the population (per 100,000 people), the ratio of general dentists (per 100,000 people) are greater in the eastern region of the state.

Hover over the map to see individual county data points.

Dental Hygienists

Many of the dental hygienists in Texas are near the Houston and Dallas areas. However, compared to the population (per 100,000 people), the ratio of dental hygienists (per 100,000 people) are greater in the eastern region of the state.

Hover over the map to see individual county data points.

Dental Assistants 

Many of the dental assistants in Texas are near the Houston and Dallas areas. However, compared to the population (per 100,000 people), the ratio of dental assistants (per 100,000 people) are greater in the eastern region of the state.

Hover over the map to see individual county data points.

Dental Students in Texas

A little over half of the applicants to Texas dental schools are classified as in state, however over 90% of enrollees are classified as in state. Of the 2019 graduates, around 75% of those graduating from a Texas dental school plan to work in Texas after graduation.

Dental Students in the United States

Health Care Provider Visits

Data from the CDC's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), and the National Survey of Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), indicate how often state residents receive medical care.

Within the past year, how many residents visited:

A Doctor for Checkup

2018, BRFSS

A Dentist or Dental Clinic

2018, BRFSS

Mental Health Services

2016-2017, NSDUH

How many residents needed to see a doctor in the past 12 months, but could not afford it?

2018, BRFSS

About the Data

Health Insurance Coverage: Data are from the American Community Survey, Table S2701. The percentage denominator is the population of noninstitutionalized civilians. Data for locations with populations under 60,000 are only available in 5-year estimates.

Cost Barriers to Dental Care: Data are from the report "Cost Barriers to Dental Care Among the U.S. Population, by Race and Ethnicity", published by the American Dental Association's Health Policy Institute

Dental Visits: Data are from the report "Dental Care Utilization Among the U.S. Population, by Race and Ethnicity", published by the American Dental Association's Health Policy Institute

Texas Medicaid Enrollment: Data are from Medicaid.gov's Managed Care Enrollment Summary.

Health Care Workforce: Data are from Texas Health and Human Services Supply and Distribution Tables for State-Licensed Health Professions in Texas.

Racial and Ethnic Mix of Dentists: Data are from the report "Racial and Ethnic Mix of the Dentist Workforce in the U.S.", published by the American Dental Association's Health Policy Institute

Health Care Provider Visits: Data about dentist and doctor visits are from the CDC's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). Data about mental health service visits are from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, conducted by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.