BRFSS 500 Cities Project
HOUSTON: Data Highlights
This story focuses on five health measures from the BRFSS 500 Cities project.
These measures highlight disparities between a census tract in Houston, the city of Houston, and the United States as a whole.
To see all the measures for these regions, please visit our other story:
1. Lack of Health Insurance
(adults aged 18-64)
Lack of health insurance remains a major determinant of access to necessary health services, including preventive care. Certain socioeconomic conditions, including a lack of health insurance coverage and poverty, are associated with poor health status and chronic disease.
2. Adult Obesity
Obesity is defined as a body mass index (BMI) ≥30.0 kg/m². It is calculated from self-reported weight and height.
Being overweight or obese increases the risk for multiple chronic diseases, including heart disease, stroke, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis, and certain cancers.
3. Adult Diabetes
The impact of diabetes in the United States has increased with the increasing prevalence of obesity. Multiple long-term complications of diabetes can be prevented through improved patient education and self-management and provision of adequate and timely screening services and medical care
4. Coronary heart disease
Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women. More than half of the deaths due to heart disease in 2009 were in men. Heart disease is the leading cause of death for people of most ethnicities in the US, including African Americans, Hispanics, and whites. For American Indians or Alaska Natives or Pacific Islanders, heart disease is second only to cancer.
5. Cancer (excluding skin cancer)
Continued advances in cancer research, detection, and treatment have resulted in a decline in both incidence and death rates for all cancers from 1975-2006.
Among people who develop cancer, more than half will be alive in 5 years. Yet, cancer remains a leading cause of death in the United States, second only to heart disease.