Community Demographics


A person's race, ethnicity, and language are determinants of their overall health and well-being. The Greater Nashua Public Health Region (GNPHR) is changing. Demographic data in the GNPHR shows a shift in race, ethnicity, educational, and socioeconomic status. While the region is still primarily made up of white households, the percentage of households made up of other ethnicities is growing. Refugee populations and families from various parts of the world have settled in the GNPHR.  For example, students in the Nashua School District represent over 70 different languages. With these changes in the demographic make-up of our region comes a change in how the region grows socially, culturally, and economically.

Community Demographics Data Overview

Check out the points below for the main takeaways from this page. 

•  Approximately 15% of the residents of Nashua self-identify within the constructs of racial diversity. The largest minority groups in Nashua are Hispanic/Latinx (12.6% of the Nashua population) and Asian/Asian Indian (12.6% of the Nashua population). 

• The largest ancestral group in Nashua is Irish (18.8% of Nashua population), followed by French (11.8% of Nashua population).  

• In Nashua, 21.1% of the population speaks a language other than English, where 8.7% of people speak Spanish. 

• In Greater Nashua, 1.5% of youths identify as gay or lesbian, and 7.2% identify as bisexual. 

Racial and Ethnic Diversity

Nearly 94% of the population of New Hampshire (NH) is white. The GNPHR includes some of the more diverse towns in the state. Approximately 15% of the residents of Nashua self-identify within the constructs of racial diversity.

Racial and ethnic minorities are disproportionately impacted by adverse health outcomes. In order to achieve health equity and ensure every person has equitable access to health and healthcare services, we must collectively address injustices due to racism.

Refer to the Greater Nashua 2018-2021 Community Health Improvement Plan to see how the Greater Nashua Region is working to address health disparities in our community.

Linguistic Diversity

Linguistic diversity is a specific measure of the density of language, or concentration of unique languages combined. This diversity in languages covers various traits, including language family, grammar, and vocabulary. 

You can never understand one language until you understand at least two.

- Geoffrey Willans

Age and Gender

Population Pyramid

A Population Pyramid shows the age and sex distribution of an entire population. Pyramid's with a large portion of the population in the younger age groups will show a growing population, while a top-heavy pyramid will reflect a shrinking population. Stationary populations are reflected in a rectangle-shaped pyramid where there is an equal distribution of population size between age groups.

Use the filter feature of this graph to explore different population distributions. 

Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Populations

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, same-sex households made up 0.8% of all U.S. households in 2018. Compared to opposite-sex couples, same-sex couples are more likely to have higher incomes, have both people employed, and be more educated. They are also more likely to be interracial, but they’re less likely to have children living with them.

Although sexual minorities are more likely to be educated, employed, and have a higher-income, they frequently experience social and institutional discrimination which can lead to adverse health outcomes.

Health Equity & Community Demographics

A person's health can be seriously impacted by their race, ethnicity, gender, income level, education, and other socioeconomic factors. In regards to community demographics...

• NH has become more diverse with the portion of the population that does not identify their race as white or their ethnicity as Hispanic or Latino reaching 10% in 2018 (NHFPI).

Click the buttons below to explore other pages related to Community Demographics

Do you have questions or comments about the information on this site? Contact us.

Looking for resources in Greater Nashua? Get Connected. Get Help. Visit or dial 2-1-1.