Community Health Assessment 

               Health Outcomes

HEALTH OUTCOMES

Mortality

The life expectancy for a child born between 2014 and 2018 in Mason County is 79.5 (2). Meaning a person born in Mason County between 2014 and 2018 can be expected to live 79.5 years on average. In comparison, the life expectancy for the state of Washington for that same period was 80.3 years (2). Mason County’s life expectancy rate is increasing over time; between 1993 and 1997 the life expectancy for a newborn child was 75.3 years (2). The top 3 leading causes of death for both males and females in Mason County are heart disease, cancer and accidents, in that order (3). Mason County has higher mortality rates due to cancer, accidents, chronic lower respiratory diseases, suicide and chronic liver disease (3).

The cancer type that results in the most deaths in Mason County is lung cancer. Between 2009 and 2018 the age-adjusted mortality rate as a result of lung cancer was 51.3 deaths per 100,000 or 491 deaths. Mortality rates associated with Alzheimer’s are lower in Mason County; while death rates associated with heart disease, diabetes, infectious & parasitic diseases, and influenza and pneumonia are similar to the state’s rates (3).

Morbidity

Health outcomes are also determined by community morbidity measures (1). Morbidity describes how healthy individuals feel. Mason County adults report more poor health days, due to either physical or mental health conditions compared to other adults in the state (5).

Many of the leading causes of death and chronic health conditions are caused or exacerbated by unhealthy lifestyle behaviors. Behaviors such as lack of physical activity, poor nutrition, and sedentary lifestyle can lead to higher incidences of obesity. In addition to being the leading cause of death in Mason County, heart disease was the second leading cause of hospitalizations, second only to conditions related to pregnancy and childbirth. Between 2016 and 2018, there were 1,704 hospitalizations resulting from heart disease (3,4).

Coronary Heart Disease: Have you ever been told by a doctor you had a heart attack or myocardial infraction?  COPD, Emphsyema or Chronic Bronchitis: Have you ever been told by a doctor you have Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), emphysema or chronic bronchitis?

Smoking behaviors can also increase a person’s risk of illness. Both Mason County adult and youth populations have higher smoking rates when compared to states rates (5,6). However, smoking rates have decreased over time (5,6).

*Adult Leisure Physical Activity: During the past month, other than your regular job, did you participate in any physical activities or exercises such as running, calisthenics, golf, gardening or walking for exercise?

*Current physical activity recommendations for youth are 60 minutes a day, 7 days a week. The percentage reported above are the students that are not meeting the physical activity recommendation.

References

(1) County Health Rankings and Roadmaps: Mason County http://www.countyhealthrankings.org/county-health-rankings-model

(2) Community Health Assessment Tool – CHAT. Life Expectancy, 2014-2018

(3) Community Health Assessment Tool – CHAT. Mortality, 2014-2018

(4) Community Health Assessment Tool – CHAT. Hospitalization, 2016-2018

(5) Community Health Assessment Tool – CHAT. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), 2013-2017

(6) Washington State Healthy Youth Survey https://www.askhys.net/Analyzer