Eastern Jackson County
Community Health Assessment

The Community Health Assessment provides information that can help us make informed choices and set priorities necessary for action. The Jackson County Health Department and many community partners have worked to gather data, inform the assessment, and assist in identifying the top priorities for the Community Health Improvement Plan (CHIP). The Community Health Assessment (CHA) examines the current state of Eastern Jackson County (EJC) to provide a snapshot of the health and wellness of this community. 

The full CHA report was published in 2017, prior to Independence becoming a part of the Jackson County Health Department's EJC jurisdiction. The follow data has been updated, when possible, to incorporate Independence. The previous 2017 CHA report can be viewed on the Jackson County Health Department's website, or in the link below:

Population Demographics

Jackson County is located in the northwest portion of Missouri. It is one of 114 counties in the state and is the 2nd most populated. The Jackson County Health Department (JACOHD) jurisdiction includes all areas in the county except for those within the city limits of Kansas City. According to the 2017 U.S. Census, the total population in Eastern Jackson County (EJC) was 379,415 which is a 4% increase from 2011. 

For information specific to each city in EJC, City Report Cards can be explored here.

Eastern Jackson County 

In EJC, females constitute 51.9% of the total population while males constitute the other 48.1%. Majority of the population is within the 25 to 64 age groups. 25.7% of the total population is younger than 18 while 14.7% of the total population is comprised of individuals 65 and older. 

EJC has a population that is 81% White and 11% Black or African American. The remaining 8% identifies as American Indian/Alaskan Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, some other race, or two or more races. 6.7% of the population is Hispanic or Latino which is larger than Missouri overall (4.0%).

Socioeconomic Characteristics 

Socioeconomic characteristics measure individual or family social and economic positions based on factors that include income, education, and employment. These characteristics play an important role in understanding the advantages and disadvantages a community has to face on a daily basis. A person's risk of negative health outcomes and death is higher among those with lower educational attainment, fewer economic resources, and those living in poverty. 

Higher education may be one of the strongest predictors of good health. Education leads to more employment, higher income, less crime, reduced illness, and increased longevity. In EJC, 7.5% of those 25 and older have not completed high school which is lower than both Missouri (10.8%) and the United States (12.7%). 

Bachelors Degree in EJC Population Aged 25 Years and Older, 2017.

In EJC, 28.9% of the population 25 years and older had a bachelors degree or higher. Of that population, 46.1% were male and 53.9% were female. ZIP Codes in Lee's Summit, Blue Springs, Lake Lotawana, Lake Tapawingo, and Lone Jack had the highest levels of education attainment while the ZIP Codes in Independence, Sugar Creek, Buckner, and parts of Unincorporated EJC had the lowest.

Most school districts in EJC have seen graduation rates above 90% since 2013. The graduation rate has continued to increase in many districts. Dropout rates among a majority of school districts in EJC are below 2% with the exception of Raytown and Grandview. 

The largest rates of homeless students were reported in Fort Osage, Independence, and Grandview. Lone Jack and Oak Grove reported 0 students as homeless in the past 5 years. 

Steady employment can provide income, benefits, and stability necessary for good health. Making it an important factor when considering the health of a community. In EJC,  rates of unemployment have been decreasing in the past few years. 

Poverty and income are other important factors in assessing the health of the community. Adults living in poverty are more likely to be in poor health, uninsured, and have a lower life expectancy. In EJC, 10.9% are living below the poverty level of which 42.8% are male and 57.2% are female. In the United States the 2017 median income for households was $57,652 and $51,542 for Missouri. Seven cities in EJC have a median household income that is greater than the U.S.

Life Expectancy

A higher life expectancy can be attributed to a number of factors, including improved lifestyle, better education, higher income, and greater access to healthcare. In addition, decreases in life expectancy can highlight existing health disparities in a community, such as crime, poverty, and poor access to affordable healthcare. In EJC, the average life expectancy rate at birth is 77.7. This rate is similar to the state's life expectancy but lower than the national. When looking at Census Tract information in EJC, life expectancy ranges from 67.3 to 84.8. To take a closer look at life expectancy for your neighborhood, check out your city's report card

The full report on Place Matters was released for life expectancy by ZIP Code in EJC previously; however, this report was calculated before Independence was added to the EJC jurisdiction. Check back soon for an updated report! 

Life Expectancy by Census Tract in EJC, 2016

Data Source: National Center for Health Statistics. U.S. Small-Area Life Expectancy Estimates Project (USALEEP): Life Expectancy Estimates File for {Jurisdiction}, 2010-2015]. National Center for Health Statistics. 2018. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/usaleep/usaleep.html.

Other Mortality Data

Years of Death Before Age 75 Occurring in a Hospital Setting per 1,000 Total Population by ZIP Code, 2016.

Deaths Before Age 75 Occurring in a Hospital Setting per 1,000 Total Population by ZIP Code, 2016.

Years of potential life lost is an estimate of the average years a person would have lived if he or she had not died prematurely. ZIP Codes in Independence, Raytown, and Grandview had higher rates of years of life lost and rates of premature deaths. 

Data Source: Washington University School of Medicine, Hospital Industry Data Institute, Missouri ZIP Health Rankings. 2016. 

Click below to read about the direct causes of death for residents in EJC. 

Click the following links to learn more about the health of EJC: