CHRONIC LUNG DISEASE
in Western North Carolina
in Western North Carolina
Why is chronic lung disease a key health issue in western North Carolina?
The percent of adults diagnosed with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary
Disease (COPD) is significantly higher in WNC than North Carolina or the United
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The percent of adults diagnosed with COPD in WNC grew from 13.5% in 2015 to 13.9% in 2018.
Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease (CLRD) mortality rates have steadily risen from 51.3 in 2002-2006 to 54.1 in 2013-2017 per 100,000 population.
CLRD includes four chronic lung diseases: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and asthma.
What do the numbers say about chronic lung disease?
Western North Carolina (WNC) Data:
Approximately 14% of adults in WNC have been diagnosed with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). The following adult populations were significantly more likely to have ever been diagnosed with COPD in 2018:
- Women (17.2%)
- Adults aged 40-64 (15.9%) and 65+ (16.9%)
- Very low income (24.3%)
- Those identifying as either AI/AN (Native American) (26.1%) or Black (23.3%)
Differences in health outcomes across social groups, economic status, and racial/ethnic identity are closely linked with disparities in social determinants of health, which disproportionately burden individuals and communities who experience systemic disadvantage and/or discrimination. See our data story on the social determinants of health to learn more about how the conditions in which people are born, live, work, play, learn, worship, and age can influence their ability to achieve good health for themselves and their families.
NC SCHS 2012-2016
Map Produced by:
The percentage of adults who smoke cigarettes in WNC is similar or slightly higher than the percentage of adults who smoke cigarettes in North Carolina and the United States in 2012, 2015, and 2018.
State and National Findings:
What did the region say is the story behind the chronic lung disease numbers?
Source: WNCHN - Online Key Informant Survey, 2018
The items below are paraphrased themes that emerged from a 2018 regional survey of key informants. These responses do not necessarily:
•Reflect accurate or scientifically validated information about health determinants, outcomes, and/or strategies for change,
•Represent an exhaustive list of factors that can help or hurt efforts to address this key regional health issue.
The information in this section should be interpreted and used with care. It should be used only to help local health departments and agencies begin to understand community perceptions about local health issues. Communities are strongly encouraged to collect their own, local-level data to inform local planning and evaluation activities.