Greater Freeport Partnership

Freeport is the county seat of Stephenson County and the largest community in the county, Freeport was originally known as Winneshiek. Now nicknamed "Pretzel City" due to the large number of German brewers and bakers it had, Freeport was the location of a Lincoln-Douglas debate, famous for the "Freeport Doctrine".

Freeport is located in the heart of northwest Illinois, 30 miles west of Rockford, 15 miles south of the Wisconsin border and 65 miles from Dubuque, IA.

This report uses data from the American Community Survey (ACS), conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. Unlike the Census—which is an exact count of people and households every ten years—ACS statistics are estimated based on a representative survey sample.

Quick Stats—Stephenson County, IL

The current population for Stephenson County is just over 45,000.  Over the last 5 years there has been a 9.35% increase in the median household income.

Quick Stats—Freeport, IL

The current population of Freeport is just over 24,000 people.  Household wealth has increased in the county seat.  Over the last 5 years there has been a 10.28% increase in the median household income.

Average Household Size

The average household size within Stephenson County is smaller than both the state and national average and is shrinking in size, from 2.38 in 2008 to 2.28 in 2018.

Median Household Income

On average, household wealth has increased in rural Stephenson County over the past 15 years.


The percentage of the population in poverty in Stephenson County is comparable to the national percentage.

Poverty Rate by Census Tract

The percentage of the population that is at or below the poverty line in rural Stephenson County Census Tracts is far below the state (approx 13%) and national (approx 15%) poverty rate.

About the Data

All data is from the American Community Survey (ACS). The table numbers are as follows:

• Quick stats: B01003, B25001, B25010, B19019.

• Median Household Income: B19019.

• Household Size: B25010, B25009.

• Poverty: S1701.

Learn more about margin of error here.