Fresno County Core Metrics

The foundational motivation of the Core Metrics Vital Signs report, and of the health system at large, is improving the health of individuals, communities, and the nation. Indicators that describe progress towards improving the health of individuals are included in the Healthy People domain. 

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Healthy People

Well-Being

24% of adults in Fresno County have fair or poor health.

17% of adults in California have fair or poor health.

Fair or poor health in Fresno county compared by gender, race/ethnicity, and age

Fair or poor self-rated health is most common among Latino adults (33.1%) compared to white adults (13.8%) in Fresno County. 

Fair or poor self-rated health is higher among female adults (25.7%) than among male adults (20.2%) in Fresno County. 

The percentage of adults with fair or poor self-rated health in Fresno County is similar among adults ages 18-64 years old (27.5%) compared to adults ages 65 and older (29.3%).   

Fair or poor health in Fresno county compared by city

Fair or poor self-rated health is higher in the city of Fresno compared to the city of Clovis. 

Fair or poor health in Fresno County compared by zip code

Fair or poor self-rated health is higher in the south of Fresno County compared to the north. 

Technical Notes

Well-being is defined using the self-rated general health status question from the California Health Interview Survey, 2012-2014, pooled estimates. In English, the survey question is: "In general, would you say your health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?” In Spanish, the survey question is: “En general, ¿diría usted que su salud es excelente, muy buena, buena, regular, o mala?” Estimates that are statistically unstable are not presented here. 

Obesity

36% of adults in Fresno county are obese. 

25% of adults in California are obese. 

Obesity in Fresno County Compared by Race/Ethnicity

Obesity is higher among Latino adults in Fresno County, compared to Latino adults in California.


Obesity Compared by Zip Code

Obesity rates are higher in the south of Fresno County, compared to the north. 

Technical Notes

Obesity is defined as a body mass index of 30 kilograms per meter squared or higher. A body mass index of kilograms per meter squared is about 30 pounds overweight for a person who is 5'4". Body mass index was calculated using self-reported height and weight collected in the California Health Interview Survey, 2012-2014, pooled estimates. Estimates that are statistically unstable are not presented here.

Life Expectancy

Among men, life expectancy is lower in Fresno County (76.2 years) than in California (78.7 years) or the United States (76.5 years).

Among women, life expectancy is lower in Fresno County (81.0 years) than in California (83.1 years) or the United States (81.2 years).

Life Expectancy by Zip Code

Life expectancy is lower in the central region of Fresno County compared to surrounding regions. 

Technical Notes

Life expectancy by county was calculated by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. Life expectancy by zip code was shared by the The California Endowment and calculated by Measure of America using California Department of Public Health Death Statistical Master File 2010-2012, US Census American Community Survey 2010-2012 and Population Estimates, and MABLE/Geocorr of Missouri Census Data Center. 

Data on life expectancy for Latinos are not presented because they are not available in public-use reports. 

High School Graduation Rate

79% of high school students graduate in four years in Fresno County.

81% of high school students graduate in four years in California.

In Fresno County, Latino students are less likely to graduate high school in four years (76.3%), compared to white or Asian students.

In California, Latino students are less likely to graduate high school in four years (76.6%), compared to other, white, or Asian students.

Technical Notes

High school graduation rate is defined as the percentage of students who graduate from high school within four years. Data presented is from the Children Now analysis of Cohort Outcome Summary data in California 2014, County Level Analysis of Graduate Data for the Classes from the California Department of Education, Data Quest (2015). 

Addiction Death Rate

Deaths are classified using the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD–10). Drug-poisoning deaths are identified using underlying cause-of-death codes X40–X44, X60–X64, X85, and Y10–Y14.

Technical Notes

Drug overdose mortality rates were calculated using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention WONDER mortality data 2012-2014 by the County Health Rankings. 

Data on drug overdose mortality rates for Latinos are not presented because they are not available in public-use reports. 

Teen Pregnancy

Teen births are higher in Fresno County (51 births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 years) than in California (32 births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 years).

Technical Notes

Teen births are defined as births to women ages 15-19 years old and were calculated using Natality Files 2007-2013 from the National Center for Health Statistics by the County Health Rankings. 

Data on teen births for Latina women are not presented because they are not available in public-use reports. 

Cultiva la Salud            

2409 Merced St., Ste. 101

Fresno, CA 93721               559.498.0870