Health Behaviors & Outcomes in Napa County
The Link Between Food Insecurity and Health
Food insecure households may lack access to healthy foods and are at increased risk for diet-related disease such as overweight and obesity. Children who are food insecure are at higher risk for mental health problems such as anxiety and depression, cognitive impairment, behavioral disorders, poor academic performance, iron-deficiency anemia, and asthma. In adults, food insecurity is associated with multiple chronic conditions and can also make management of chronic conditions much more difficult. Food insecure households spend an average of 45% more on medical care annually.
Carlson, S., Keith-Jennings, B. 2018. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities: SNAP Is Linked with Improved Nutritional Outcomes and Lower Health Care Costs.
Gundersen, C. & Ziliak, J.P. 2015. Food Insecurity and Health Outcomes. Health Affairs. 34(11): 1830-1839.
Emergency Food System Study
FOCUS GROUP FINDINGS
Among participants from the Older Adults focus group, concern was expressed about the foods they receive from food assistance programs being high in sodium and added sugar and, as a result, inappropriate for meeting the dietary needs of some older adults with health conditions such as diabetes. They expressed desire for more whole grains and fresh produce, though they expressed concern about produce items spoiling quickly. In particular, among older adult participants, there was desire for foods appropriate for people with diabetes.
They don’t have any specialties like for diabetics or for people that are having problems with food.
Nutrition and Weight Status Among Youth in Napa County
Did you know...?
1 in 3 low-income adults in Napa County live in a neighborhood where fresh fruits and vegetables are only sometimes or never affordable (29%).
1 in 2 low-income adults in Napa County consume one or more regular soda per week (43%).
1 in 3 low-income adults in Napa County are obese (29%).
Access to nutritious foods, particularly among youth, is an equity issue for low-income households.
California Health Interview Survey, 2011-2016.
Overweight & Obesity
*Technical Notes for Overweight and/or Obesity by Age
Adults 18+: Adult respondents ages 18+ who had a body mass index (BMI) of 30.0 or above are classified as obese; a BMI of 25.0-25.99 is classified as overweight. BMI was calculated using respondent's self-reported weight and height.
Children 2-11: Results are for children 2-11 classified as overweight, which is assessed using sex, age (in months) and weight.
Children 12-17: Teen respondents ages 12-17 who ranked between the 85th and 95th percentiles were classified as overweight; teens in the 95th percentile and above were classified as obese. Percentile rankings are based on the CDC 2010 recommendations on assigning body mass index (BMI).
Technical Notes for Cardiovascular Disease Hospitalization Rates
Rates are age-adjusted rates per 1,000 Medicare beneficiaries.
Cardiovascular Disease includes the following diagnoses: all heart disease, coronary heart disease, acute myocardial infarction, cardiac dysrhythmia, heart failure, hypertension, all stroke, ischemic stroke, and hemorrhagic stroke.