Hepatitis Report for Data County, USA
Types of Hepatitis
Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver tissue. Some people have no symptoms whereas others develop yellow discoloration of the skin and whites of the eyes, poor appetite, vomiting, tiredness, abdominal pain, or diarrhea.
This report covers 3 types: A, B, and C. Hepatitis A is mainly spread by contaminated food and water. Hepatitis B is mainly sexually transmitted, but may also be passed from mother to baby during pregnancy or childbirth. Both hepatitis B and hepatitis C are commonly spread through infected blood.
How to Avoid Getting Hepatitis A
The best way to avoid getting Hepatitis A is through vaccination. The Hepatitis A vaccine is most effective as a two-dose shot. The CDC recommends children at age 1 get the first vaccine. Another way to avoid getting Hepatitis A is by practicing good hygiene like washing your hands, especially when you come into contact with an infected person's blood, stools, or other bodily fluids.
What to Do If You Get Hepatitis A
If exposed to the Hepatitis A virus, you should get the Hepatitis A vaccination. To treat the symptoms, doctors recommend rest and proper nutrition and fluids. If symptoms are severe, you should seek hospital care. It can take a few months before people with Hepatitis A begin to feel better.
How to Avoid Getting Hepatitis B
The most effective way to avoid getting Hepatitis B is to get vaccinated. The vaccine is recommended for infants within 24 hours of birth, but is effective for all ages. Since Hepatitis B is spread through sexual intercourse, other preventative steps include using a condom or another kind of latex barrier while having sex.
What to Do If You Get Hepatitis B
If you get Hepatitis B, it is important to go to your doctor within 2 weeks of exposure of the virus. They will give you a Hepatitis B vaccine and a shot of Hepatitis B immune globulin. This will help you fight off the infection. If you still get sick, your doctor may put you on bed rest to help aid your recovery.
How to Avoid Getting Hepatitis C
As Hepatitis C is contracted through exposure to blood, some ways to avoid becoming infected include never sharing needles, avoiding exposure to blood or blood products, and using a condom or other latex barrier while having sex. These are the most effective measures to take as there is no vaccine to prevent Hepatitis C.
What to Do If You Get Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C is treated through the use of antiviral medications. The most recent approach involves taking 3 tablets a day of a pill called Mavyret. This medication offers a shorter treatment cycle for adults that is 8 weeks.
"Baby boomers, or people born from 1945-1965,
are five times more likely to have Hepatitis C."
—Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Data Source: Data County, USA.