Length of Life

Health Outcomes

Health outcomes represent a snapshot of how healthy a county is at this moment. This is determined by the physical and mental well-being of residents from measures representing both the length of life and quality of life. Health outcomes are influenced by many factors, from the quality of medical care received to the availability of good jobs, clean water, and affordable housing. In Morrow County, there is limited access to health care, unavailability of good jobs, lack of affordable housing, and limited transportation. These factors contribute to lowered health outcomes across the county.

Life Expectancy and Years of Life Lost

Life expectancy is the average number of years a person can expect to live. Measuring how long people in a community live tells us whether people are dying too early, and it prompts public health experts to look at reasons for people dying earlier than expected. In 2016, 19% of Morrow County adults were limited in some way because of a physical, mental or emotional problem.

Source: U.S. Small-area Life Expectancy Estimates Project

Leading Causes of Death

In 2017, three chronic diseases were the leading causes of death in Morrow County: cancer, heart disease, and chronic lower respiratory disease (CLDR), which includes deaths from both asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Deaths from accidents (unintentionally injuries) formed the fourth leading cause of death in 2017, and in some previous years were among the top three. 

Deaths by Drug Overdose in Ohio

Because of Morrow County's small population, drug overdose mortality data is not readily available—because of the small sample size, rates are unreliable, and the CDC and other reporting agencies typically do not report death counts under 10 in a given location to avoid personally identifying the victims. 

The following charts show mortality data for the state of Ohio, broken down by the type of drug. Note that drug types are not mutually exclusive. A person may fatally overdose with multiple types of drugs present. 

About the Data

Census-tract-level life expectancy data is from the U.S. Small-area Life Expectancy Estimates Project (USALEEP), published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The USALEEP estimates cover the period of 2010 to 2015. The estimates were produced with data from death records geo-located to census tracts, population estimates from the Census Bureau, and statistical modeling to mitigate limitations from small population sizes. More details on the project's methodology are available here (pdf).

• Years of Potential Life Lost data is from the National Center for Health Statistics - Mortality Files, accessed via County Health Rankings and Roadmaps.

Leading causes of death data was queried from CDC Wonder, based on the following parameters for underlying cause of death:

Cancer: ICD-10 codes: C00-C97.

Heart Disease:  ICD-10 codes: I00-I02, I05-I09, I11, I13, I20-I25, I26-I28, I30-I51.

Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease: ICD-10 codes: J40-J47.

Unintentional Injuries: V01-V99, W00-X59, Y85-Y86.

• Ohio drug overdose death data was queried from the Ohio Public Health Warehouse.