Preble County Opioid Overdose Data Tool
Preble County's Opioid Epidemic by the numbers
Ohio, like most of the United States, is in the midst of an opioid overdose epidemic. This dashboard presents a snapshot of how drug overdose, primarily due to abuse of opioid drugs, are impacting Preble County, Ohio.
Preble County Public Health will be updating this site regularly to help educate and inform the community on the important data and information pertaining to this ongoing epidemic.
Please check out the current data below!
What are opioids?
Opioids form a class of drug that includes powerful pain medications, such as oxycodone, morphine, and fentanyl. The illegal drug heroin is also an opioid. Some opioids are derived from opium poppies, while others are synthetic.
Increasingly, fentanyl and other synthetic opioids are illegally manufactured and distributed alongside or mixed with heroin. Many opioid-related deaths involve more than one type of drug.
Doctors prescribe opioids because the drugs are highly effective as painkillers. But they are also highly addictive.
Opioids and Overdose Deaths
Ohio is among the top five states with the highest rates of opioid-related overdose deaths. In 2016, there were 3,613 opioid-related overdose deaths in Ohio—a rate of 32.9 deaths per 100,000 persons and more than double the national rate of 13.3 deaths per 100,000. Since 2010, the rate has tripled from 10 deaths per 100,000. In the same period, the number of heroin-related deaths increased from 355 to 1,478 deaths, and deaths related to synthetic opioids rose from 175 to 2,296 deaths.
How did we get here?
Many experts trace the roots of the opioid crisis to the overprescription of opioid pain relievers, beginning in the late 1990’s. Health experts now recognize that prescription opioids are dangerously addictive. Many doctors have taken steps to limit opioid prescriptions, and prescription rates have decreased every year since 2010.
But legal prescription opioids are just one side of the epidemic. Even as the prescription opioid supply is constrained, the illegal supply has rapidly expanded to meet the demand. Heroin and black-market fentanyl are often cheaper and more accessible than legal prescription opioids. Studies have shown that prescription opioid use is a strong predictor of later heroin use: three out of four new heroin users have reported previously abusing prescription opioids.
Where are we now?
Preble County Public Health is currently tracking drug related incidents in the county. Epicenter is an online tool that monitors emergency rooms and doctors offices for various conditions, drug related visits is among them. Below are various graphs to help visualize what is currently occurring.
2020 Numbers in Preble County
2019 Numbers in Preble County
Data Source: Preble County, USA.
The 2018 Numbers in Preble County
These numbers are updated weekly or as available.
Data Source: Preble County, USA.
Other problems linked to the opiate crisis...
The 2018 Statewide Community Outbreak of Hepatitis A
The Ohio Department of Health (ODH) and affected local health departments are investigating an increased number of hepatitis A cases in Ohio. ODH has declared a statewide community outbreak of hepatitis A after observing an increase in cases linked to certain risk factors since the beginning of 2018. Outbreaks of hepatitis A are occurring in several states across the U.S., including neighboring states of Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan and West Virginia.
What is Hepatitis A?
Hepatitis A is a vaccine-preventable liver disease that usually spreads when a person ingests fecal matter - even in microscopic amounts - from contact with objects, food or drinks contaminated by the stool of an infected person. Hepatitis A can also be spread from close personal contact with an infected person, such as through sex.
What are the symptoms?
Symptoms of hepatitis A include fatigue, low appetite, stomach pain, nausea, clay-colored stools and jaundice. People with hepatitis A can experience mild illness lasting a few weeks to severe illness lasting several months.
People who believe that they are at high risk for hepatitis A infection should contact their healthcare provider or local health department for information about vaccination. People who know that they have been exposed to someone with hepatitis A should contact their healthcare provider or local health department to discuss post-exposure vaccination options. Individuals who experience symptoms of hepatitis A should contact their healthcare provider.
What is Preble County doing?
In Preble County, there are several professional entities, public agencies and volunteers involved in the reduction of opioid related overdose and death. In particular, the Preble County Substance Abuse Prevention Partnership has served as a nexus to such efforts and has been instrumental driving the message and initiatives with a goal of building and supporting a safe, healthy environment by reducing alcohol and drug abuse in our community.
Agencies including Preble County Public Health, Mental Health and Recovery Board of Preble County and Recovery and Well Centers of Midwest Ohio are working to bring this information to you so that it can be used as both an educational resource and a way to stay up to date on the ongoing battle against the opioid problem that has had devastating effects on our community and beyond.
How can you get involved?
Contact one of the agencies below!
(Simply Click one of the images to be taken to their site)
For any questions or comments related to this tool, contact:
Scott Wilford, MPH, RS | Epidemiologist
Preble County Public Health
firstname.lastname@example.org | 937-472-0087
This data tool is funded through Project SAVE Miami Valley and Montgomery County Alcohol, Drug Addiction, and Mental Health Services. Project SAVE is funded through a Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration grant to help provide overdose prevention education and reversal medicines to emergency personnel in the three counties that include Darke, Montgomery and Preble.