Physical Environment

Health Outcomes

The environment plays a crucial role in people’s overall health. Environmental quality is a key factor in people's well-being because quality of life is strongly affected by the health of the physical environment

Environment, health, life expectancy, and social inequalities are linked. Despite significant improvements throughout Ohio, major differences in environmental quality and human health remain between and within the Ohio counties. For example, Morrow County lacks quality and low-income housing and transportation which impacts health outcomes.

Insects (24%), mold (13%), rodents (10%), agricultural issues (9%), indoor and outdoor air quality, and sewage/waste water problems (1%) are just some of the issues that Morrow County adults think threaten their health.


Transportation is a core part of a functioning society, and managing the health impact of transportation falls under the branch of public health. Many measures have been taking over the years to improve health outcomes related to transportation.

Many Morrow County residents do not have access to safe and reliable transportation, which is one of the social determinants of health. The Community Health Assessment and the Health Impact Study show how lack of access to transportation impacts the health of the residents. 


Factors related to housing have the potential to help—or harm—our health in major ways. Most Americans spend about 90 percent of their time indoors, and an estimated two-thirds of that time is spent in the home. Very young children spend even more time at home, and are especially vulnerable to household hazards. 

Cost-burdened households pay more than 30% of their income on housing costs. (Percentage calculated from ACS Table B25106.)

The quality of housing has major implications for people’s health. Currently, Morrow County lacks adequate quality and low cost housing for the residents. Poor housing conditions are associated with a wide range of health conditions, including respiratory infections, asthma, lead poisoning, injuries, and mental health. Addressing housing issues offers public health an opportunity to address an important social determinant of health.

About the Data

• Data in this report is from the American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year Estimates. This report uses the Census Bureau Data API but is not endorsed or certified by the Census Bureau.

• The percentage of cost-burdened housing was calculated from ACS Table B25106. The calculation sums all housing units where housing costs comprise 30% or more of the occupants' household income, and also sums households with zero or negative income. This sum is then divided by the total number of occupied housing units to yield a percentage. For owner-occupied housing units, the costs are monthly owner costs; for renter-occupied units, the costs are gross rent.