Social and Economic Factors

Health Determinants

The social determinants of health (SDH) are the conditions in which people are born, grow, work, live, and age, and include a larger set of forces and systems shaping the conditions of daily life. These forces and systems include economic policies and systems, development agendas, social norms, social policies and political systems.

The health of people is also impacted by things such as: 1) access to social and economic opportunities; 2) the resources and supports available in our homes, neighborhoods, and communities; 3) the quality of our schooling; 4) the safety of our workplaces; 5) the cleanliness of our water, food, and air; and 6) the nature of our social interactions and relationships.

These factors can contribute to why Morrow County residents may not be as healthy as residents of other counties in Ohio. One example of this is that 12% of Morrow County residents were living in poverty at the time of the last assessment, with 21% of the Morrow County’s children and youth ages 0 – 17 years of age living in poverty. Living in poverty has been known to negatively impact health.

Income, Education, and Employment

Median household income, along with the other indicators in this section, is reported by the American Community Survey. Because of Morrow County's small sample size, data is shown over a 5-year period (2013-2017). 

Educational Attainment is the highest level of education a person has achieved. The chart below compares the percentage distribution of education attainment for Morrow County, benchmarked against Ohio and the United States. 

Below, the employed population in Morrow County is broken down by major industry sector. The percentage distribution is benchmarked against Ohio and the United States.

Unemployment and Food Insecurity

The unemployment rate is the percent of people in the labor force who are not employed. Note that the labor force is not the same as the total population; it does not include children, retirees, and other people not seeking or not able to work. The unemployment rate shown here is known as the U3 rate, which is the main measure of unemployment reported by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Food insecurity measures the percent of households lacking consistent access to adequate healthy food. Households with extreme food insecurity may occasionally face hunger. The map below compares food insecurity rates throughout Ohio's counties. The data shown here is from Feeding America: Map the Meal Gap.

Crime and Violence

Access to Health Care

Health insurance coverage estimates are reported by the American Community Survey. Due to small sample sizes for Morrow County, the data is only available in 5-year periods and may not wholly reflect recent trends in insurance coverage. 

Data Source: ACS 5-Year Estimates, Table S2701 (2013-2017)

More detailed data on health insurance coverage is from the 2016 Morrow County Community Health Assessment. 

Note that percentages are of the group in question—for example, 20% of people under age 30 in Morrow County do not have health insurance coverage.

Social Support

The 2016 Morrow County Community Health Assessment surveyed adults about where or from whom they receive emotional and social support. The findings are shown on the accompanying chart. 

Note: the answers are not mutually exclusive—respondents may report receiving support from more than one source.

About the Data

• Income, Education, and Employment data is from the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS). Health insurance coverage data is also from the ACS. 

• Unemployment data is from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics

• Food Insecurity data is from Feeding America: Map the Meal Gap

• Social Support and Crime data was gathered from the 2016 Morrow County Community Health Assessment, p.92.

Additional Resources

LiveStats: Morrow County Educational Attainment Statistics

LiveStats: Morrow County Unemployment Statistics

LiveStats: Morrow County Median Household Income Statistics