Social and Mental Health

Mental health is defined by the World Health Organization as a state of well-being in which every individual realizes her or his own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to her or his community. This includes emotional, psychological, and social well-being. Mental health concerns are an increasing trend throughout the U.S. Many factors contribute to mental health status such as biological factors, life expectancy, and family history. 

Suicide

Suicide Rates by ZIP Code, 2011-2017

*Rate Unstable

Suicide is a growing and serious public health problem that has lasting effects on individuals, their families, and even communities. Suicide is defined as death caused by self-directed behavior with intent to die as a result of the behavior. In EJC, Suicide is the 8th leading cause of death with rates surpassing both Kansas City and Missouri. ZIP Codes in Independence have the highest rates of death by suicide in EJC. When looking at age groups, those aged 25 to 64 have the highest rates of suicide with males making up most of those deaths. 

More information on suicide in EJC can be found through the health departments website: 

Depression and Anxiety

Percent of Residents who have been told they have a Depressive Disorder by County, 2016

Data Source: DHSS, Missouri County-Level Study. 2016


Depression and anxiety are two of the more common conditions regarding mental health that can interfere with daily activities. Symptoms of depression including feeling sad or anxious often or all the time, feeling irritable, being easily frustrated, having trouble concentrating, and feeling worthless or helpless. In general, about 1 out of every 6 adults will have depression at some time in their lifetime. Currently, depression affects around 16 million adults every year in the U.S. Anyone at any time in their life can suffer from depression. Anxiety disorders are often associated with cases of depression. People who suffer from some type of anxiety disorder struggle with intense and uncontrollable feelings of anxiety, fear, worry, and panic. Anxiety and depression can lead to further mental health complications like suicide or substance misuse

ER and Hospital Visits

In EJC, anxiety, somatoform, dissociative, and personality disorders had the highest rate of mental health conditions diagnosed in the Emergency Room. When just looking at male diagnosis, alcohol-related had the highest rates. Affective disorders had the highest rate for inpatient hospitalizations for both EJC males and females. When looking at ZIP Code level data, areas in Independence, Sugar Creek, and Raytown had the highest rates of mental health diagnoses in a hospital. 

EJC has a higher rate of self-inflicted injuries when compared to the state of Missouri. The rate is highest for females. 

Mental Health Disorder Diagnoses Occurring in a Hospital per 1,000 Total Population by ZIP Code, 2016

Frequent Mental Distress

Frequent mental distress is identified when an individual reports 14 or more days of poor mental health in the past 30 days. Poor mental health includes feelings of stress, depression, and problems with emotions. In the U.S., 9.4% of adults experienced frequent mental distress. When compared to other counties, Jackson County residents reported more days of experiencing poor mental health days. In EJC, 56% of residents reported at least 1 poor mental health day in the past month. 

The rate of Jackson County residents receiving mental health services has been declining since 2013. 

Average Number of Poor Mental Health Days by County, 2016.

Data Source: DHSS, Missouri County-Level Study. 2016

Note: Data doesn't include Independence residents

Student Reported Indicators

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