Transportation in McLean County

Transportation Infrastructure

Definitions:

Street Miles - The number of miles of street calculated using the length of the center line of any given road

Lane Miles - The number of miles of street calculated by multiplying the length of the center line by the amount of lanes on the road

Miles are calculated by what each municipality owns and maintains. Illinois and United States Departments of Transportation (IDOT/USDOT)- owned miles are not included. 

1,523: Total street miles owned by the 30 various townships within McLean County

Definitions:

Sidewalk Miles - The number of miles of sidewalk measured by length of sidewalks

Sharrow Miles - A road designation using a marking to indicate which part of a road should be used by cyclists when the roadway is shared with motor vehicles. 

Definitions:

Bike Trail Miles - Designated bike trails outside of the Constitution Trail (In the County, this is all the Route 66 Bike Trail)

Constitution Trail Miles - Trail miles designated for the Constitution Trail

Park Trail Miles - Recreational bike trails located in parks 

McLean County Trail Map

Bridge Conditions

Definitions:

Bridge Condition is measured by the Federal Highway Administration using the Pavement and Bridge Condition Performance Measures final rule published in January of 2017. Each bridge is inspected and rated on multiple components using this rule. Bridges are classified by county, but the municipalities are responsible for the maintenance of their own bridges. The following terms are as defined in the Pavement and Bridge Condition Performance Measures final rule. Please refer to this rule for further details of the inspection process. 

Good, Fair, and Poor: If the lowest rating is greater than or equal to 7, the bridge is classified as Good; if it is less than or equal to 4, the classification is Poor. Bridges rated 5 or 6 are classified as Fair.

Structurally Deficient: A classification given to a bridge which has any component in Poor or worse condition [code of 4 or less].

McLean County Posted Bridges: 2017

Definition:

Posted Bridges - A bridge that has a posted weight or load restriction 

Safety 

Accidents Involving Bikes or Pedestrians in McLean County: 2005-2018

What counts as a Serious Injury?

 Any injury other than fatal that results in one or more of the following:

• Severe laceration resulting in exposure of underlying tissues/muscle/organs or resulting in significant loss of blood
• Broken or distorted extremity (arm or leg)
• Crush injuries
• Suspected skull, chest, or abdominal injury other than bruises or minor lacerations
• Significant burns (second and third degree burns over 10% or more of the body)
• Unconsciousness when taken from the crash scene
• Paralysis

According to the Federal Highway Administration Model Minimum Uniform Crash Criteria Guideline

Connect Transit Service 

Fixed Route are all trips taken using the designated stops and route system while Mobility is the alternative for those, due to disability, age, or otherwise, are unable to use the fixed route system that takes riders directly from origin to destination. 

The above chart outlines the density of housing within a quarter of a mile and half of a mile from a Connect Transit Bus Stop. This is measured for all bus stops as well as a high-frequency count of only those bus stops served by a route that has 30 minute frequency or better during the day. These numbers show how much of housing in Bloomington-Normal is technically within walking distance of Connect Transit service and within walking distance of high-frequency service.

Mobility Scores

Walk Score makes it their mission and their vision to promote walkable cities by creating rankings and making it easy for people to evaluate walkability and transportation options when choosing where to live. Scores are ranked by walkability, bikeability, and transit accessibility. The methodology of each is described below as listed on the Walk Score website. 

Walk Score measures the walkability of any address using a patented system. For each address, Walk Score analyzes hundreds of walking routes to nearby amenities. Points are awarded based on the distance to amenities in each category. Amenities within a 5 minute walk (.25 miles) are given maximum points. A decay function is used to give points to more distant amenities, with no points given after a 30 minute walk.

Walk Score also measures pedestrian friendliness by analyzing population density and road metrics such as block length and intersection density. Data sources include Google, Education.com, Open Street Map, the U.S. Census, Localeze, and places added by the Walk Score user community.

Transit Score is a patented measure of how well a location is served by public transit. Transit Score is based on data released in a standard format by public transit agencies.

To calculate a Transit Score, a "usefulness" value is assigned to nearby transit routes based on the frequency, type of route (rail, bus, etc.), and distance to the nearest stop on the route. The "usefulness" of all nearby routes is summed and normalized to a score between 0 - 100.

Bike Score measures whether an area is good for biking. For a given location, a Bike Score is calculated by measuring bike infrastructure (lanes, trails, etc.), hills, destinations and road connectivity, and the number of bike commuters.

These component scores are based on data from the USGS, Open Street Map, and the U.S. Census.

Walk Scores 2019

People in Normal can walk to an average of 0.9 restaurants, coffee shops, and bars in 5 minutes while Bloomington residents can walk to an average of 0.3 restaurants, coffee shops, and bars in 5 minutes

Bike Scores 2019

Transit Scores 2019

Grocery Store Walkability 

17.86% of residential units are within walking distance (1/4 mile) of a limited-service grocery store and 6.32% of residential units are within walking distance of a full-service grocery store.

This analysis was done using data collected for the Comprehensive Plans for Bloomington in 2015 and for Normal in 2017.

To be considered a full-service grocery store, several criteria including what is sold and how much space those items have within the store are considered. To find more details, check out the Alcoholic Beverage Regulation Administration's licensing page. 

Commuting Modes in McLean County