Virginia Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System
(VA PRAMS)



Breastfeeding Initiation

VA PRAMS is the Virginia Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, which is a survey of mothers who have recently had a baby. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) started PRAMS in 1987 to improve the health of mothers and infants in the United States. PRAMS provides information about a woman’s experiences before, during and just after a pregnancy that resulted in a live birth. The PRAMS survey is currently conducted in 46 states, the District of Columbia, New York City, Northern Mariana Islands, and Puerto Rico, and represents over 81% of births in the U.S.

The Virginia Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) gives a voice to thousands of new mothers each year, providing quality data for VDH and other policy-makers. PRAMS data can be used to identify women and infants at high risk for health problems, to measure progress towards goals in improving health status, to investigate emerging issues, and so much more!

PRAMS is the primary source of data on breastfeeding initiation rates in Virginia. To gather this data, mothers are asked "Did you ever breastfeed or pump breast milk to feed your new baby, even for a short period of time?" Women who answer "Yes" are considered mothers who have ever breastfed. Then mothers are asked "How many weeks or months did you breastfeed or feed pumped milk to your baby?" for an estimated length of breastfeeding longevity.

*Note: RIC: Richmond Health District; ROV: Rest of Virginia; BRHD: Blue Ridge Health District

Breastfeeding by Race/Ethnicity

Use the filter buttons below to filter by race/ethnicity and stratum (i.e., RIC, BRHD, and ROV) for this section.

Breastfeeding by Education Status

Use the filter buttons below to filter by education status and stratum (i.e., RIC, BRHD, and ROV) for this section.

Breastfeeding by Marital Status

Use the filter buttons below to filter by marital status and stratum (i.e., RIC, BRHD, and ROV) for this section.

Breastfeeding by Insurance Status

Use the filter buttons below to filter by insurance status and stratum (i.e., RIC, BRHD, and ROV) for this section.

Breastfeeding by Income

Use the filter buttons below to filter by income and stratum (i.e., RIC, BRHD, and ROV) for this section.

Note: Income categories changed in 2016, therefore income data in 2012-2015 can not be compared to 2016-2020.