Eat a healthy diet
A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help protect your heart. Aim to eat beans, low-fat or fat-free dairy products, lean meats, and fish as part of a healthy diet. In addition, avoid too much salt and sugar in your diet.
If you smoke, you are twice as likely to have a heart attack as a nonsmoker and more likely to die if you do have a heart attack. The effects of quitting smoking are quite sudden. Your blood pressure will decrease, your circulation will improve, and your oxygen supply will increase. Previous research has shown that when you quit smoking, your health starts to improve within days.
Exercise for at least 30 minutes daily
Getting some regular, daily exercise can reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease. According to the Mayo Clinic, experts recommend getting at least 30 minutes of exercise per day. The key is to stay active—remember that activities such as taking the stairs, housekeeping, gardening, and walking the dog all count toward your total.
Get enough quality sleep
According to a recent statement from the American Heart Association, an irregular sleep pattern (one that varies from the seven- to nine-hour nightly norm) is linked to a host of cardiovascular risks. Short sleep — less than six hours per night — appears to be especially hazardous to your heart health. Sleep-deprived people have higher blood levels of stress hormones and substances that indicate inflammation, a key player in cardiovascular disease. Even a single night of insufficient sleep can perturb your system. People who don't get enough sleep have a higher risk of obesity, high blood pressure, heart attack, diabetes, and depression.
There’s a link between people who experience high amounts of stress over long periods and cardiovascular disease. Chronic stress can cause the heart to work harder. This will worsen any other risk factors for cardiovascular disease you may have. Finding alternative ways to manage stress — such as physical activity, relaxation exercises, or meditation — can help improve your health. Yoga is also helpful. Letting go of worries and spending more time with family and friends can also contribute to a healthier, more relaxed lifestyle.
Get regular health screenings
Another way to make a difference is through regular health screenings. With a couple of simple tests and physical examinations, you can detect the early onset of some serious medical conditions. Regular screenings can tell you what your numbers are and whether you need to take action.